Hospitality law questions

Provide a brief summary of what you learned and how you would apply what you learned as a manager.

United States Supreme CourtCARNIVAL CRUISE LINES, INC. v. SHUTE(1991)No. 89-1647Argued: January 15, 1991Decided: April 17, 1991After the respondents Shute, a Washington State couple, purchased passage on a ship owned by petitioner, a Florida-based cruise line, petitioner sent them tickets containing a clause designating courts in Florida as the agreed-upon fora for the resolution of disputes. The Shutes boarded the ship in Los Angeles, and, while in international waters off the Mexican coast, Mrs. Shute suffered injuries when she slipped on a deck mat. The Shutes filed suit in a Washington Federal District Court, which granted summary judgment for petitioner. The Court of Appeals reversed, holding, inter alia, that the forum-selection clause should not be enforced under The Bremen v. Zapata Off-Shore Co., 407 U.S. 1 , because it was not “freely bargained for,” and because its enforcement would operate to deprive the Shutes of their day in court in light of evidence indicating that they were physically and financially incapable of pursuing the litigation in Florida.Held:The Court of Appeals erred in refusing to enforce the forum-selection clause. Pp. 590-597.(a) The Bremen Court’s statement that a freely negotiated forum-selection clause, such as the one there at issue, should be given full effect, 407 U.S. at 12-13, does not support the Court of Appeals’ determination that a non-negotiated forum clause in a passage contract is never enforceable simply because it is not the subject of bargaining. Whereas it was entirely reasonable for The Bremen Court to have expected the parties to have negotiated with care in selecting a forum for the resolution of disputes arising from their complicated international agreement, it would be entirely unreasonable to assume that a cruise passenger would or could negotiate the terms of a forum clause in a routine commercial cruise ticket form. Nevertheless, including a reasonable forum clause in such a form contract well may be permissible for several reasons. Because it is not unlikely that a mishap in a cruise could subject a cruise line to litigation in several different fora, the line has a special interest in limiting such fora. Moreover, a clause establishing ex ante the dispute resolution forum has the salutary effect of dispelling confusion as to where suits may be brought and defended, thereby sparing litigants time and expense and conserving judicial resources. Furthermore, it is likely that passengers purchasing tickets[499 U.S. 585, 586]containing a forum clause like the one here at issue benefit in the form of reduced fares reflecting the savings that thecruise line enjoys by limiting the fora in which it may be sued. Pp. 590-594.(b) The Court of Appeals’ conclusion that the clause here at issue should not be enforced because the Shutes are incapable of pursuing this litigation in Florida is not justified by The Bremen Court’s statement that “the serious inconvenience of the contractual forum to one or both of the parties might carry greater weight in determining the reasonableness of

the forum clause.” Id., at 17. That statement was made in the context of a hypothetical “agreement between two Americans to resolve their essentially local disputes in a remote alien forum.” Ibid. Here, in contrast, Florida is not such a forum, nor -given the location of Mrs. Shute’s accident -is this dispute an essentiallylocal one inherently more suited to resolution in Washington than in Florida. In light of these distinctions, and because the Shutes do not claim lack of notice of the forum clause, they have not satisfied the “heavy burden of proof,” ibid. required to set aside the clause on grounds of inconvenience. Pp. 594-595.(c) Although forum selection clauses contained in form passage contracts are subject to judicial scrutiny for fundamental fairness, there is no indication that petitioner selected Florida to discourage cruise passengers from pursuing legitimate claims or obtained the Shutes’ accession to the forum clause by fraud or overreaching. P. 595.(d) By its plain language, the forum selection clause at issue does not violate 46 U.S.C. App. 183c, which, inter alia, prohibits a vessel owner from inserting in any contract a provision depriving a claimant of a trial “by court of competent jurisdiction” for loss of life or personal injury resulting from negligence. Pp. 595-597.

Hospitality law

Provide a brief summary of what you learned and how you would apply what you learned as a manager

United States Supreme CourtCARNIVAL CRUISE LINES, INC. v. SHUTE(1991)No. 89-1647Argued: January 15, 1991Decided: April 17, 1991After the respondents Shute, a Washington State couple, purchased passage on a ship owned by petitioner, a Florida-based cruise line, petitioner sent them tickets containing a clause designating courts in Florida as the agreed-upon fora for the resolution of disputes. The Shutes boarded the ship in Los Angeles, and, while in international waters off the Mexican coast, Mrs. Shute suffered injuries when she slipped on a deck mat. The Shutes filed suit in a Washington Federal District Court, which granted summary judgment for petitioner. The Court of Appeals reversed, holding, inter alia, that the forum-selection clause should not be enforced under The Bremen v. Zapata Off-Shore Co., 407 U.S. 1 , because it was not “freely bargained for,” and because its enforcement would operate to deprive the Shutes of their day in court in light of evidence indicating that they were physically and financially incapable of pursuing the litigation in Florida.Held:The Court of Appeals erred in refusing to enforce the forum-selection clause. Pp. 590-597.(a) The Bremen Court’s statement that a freely negotiated forum-selection clause, such as the one there at issue, should be given full effect, 407 U.S. at 12-13, does not support the Court of Appeals’ determination that a non-negotiated forum clause in a passage contract is never enforceable simply because it is not the subject of bargaining. Whereas it was entirely reasonable for The Bremen Court to have expected the parties to have negotiated with care in selecting a forum for the resolution of disputes arising from their complicated international agreement, it would be entirely unreasonable to assume that a cruise passenger would or could negotiate the terms of a forum clause in a routine commercial cruise ticket form. Nevertheless, including a reasonable forum clause in such a form contract well may be permissible for several reasons. Because it is not unlikely that a mishap in a cruise could subject a cruise line to litigation in several different fora, the line has a special interest in limiting such fora. Moreover, a clause establishing ex ante the dispute resolution forum has the salutary effect of dispelling confusion as to where suits may be brought and defended, thereby sparing litigants time and expense and conserving judicial resources. Furthermore, it is likely that passengers purchasing tickets[499 U.S. 585, 586]containing a forum clause like the one here at issue benefit in the form of reduced fares reflecting the savings that thecruise line enjoys by limiting the fora in which it may be sued. Pp. 590-594.(b) The Court of Appeals’ conclusion that the clause here at issue should not be enforced because the Shutes are incapable of pursuing this litigation in Florida is not justified by The Bremen Court’s statement that “the serious inconvenience of the contractual forum to one or both of the parties might carry greater weight in determining the reasonableness of

the forum clause.” Id., at 17. That statement was made in the context of a hypothetical “agreement between two Americans to resolve their essentially local disputes in a remote alien forum.” Ibid. Here, in contrast, Florida is not such a forum, nor -given the location of Mrs. Shute’s accident -is this dispute an essentiallylocal one inherently more suited to resolution in Washington than in Florida. In light of these distinctions, and because the Shutes do not claim lack of notice of the forum clause, they have not satisfied the “heavy burden of proof,” ibid. required to set aside the clause on grounds of inconvenience. Pp. 594-595.(c) Although forum selection clauses contained in form passage contracts are subject to judicial scrutiny for fundamental fairness, there is no indication that petitioner selected Florida to discourage cruise passengers from pursuing legitimate claims or obtained the Shutes’ accession to the forum clause by fraud or overreaching. P. 595.(d) By its plain language, the forum selection clause at issue does not violate 46 U.S.C. App. 183c, which, inter alia, prohibits a vessel owner from inserting in any contract a provision depriving a claimant of a trial “by court of competent jurisdiction” for loss of life or personal injury resulting from negligence. Pp. 595-597.

CJS245 University of Phoenix Week 3 Juvenile and Adult Justice System

Just due to the crime that was committed itself a juvenile committing a serious crime that shows adult behavior should in adult court. The key roles and people involved in juvenile court are mostly the people that are close to that individual so maybe a school social worker, parents or someone that the individual feels close with. Having all the important people in that individual life and getting each of their honest option about that person can help with deciding if that have a mental disorder or they committed that crime and thought out the process of it.
#2: It can be many reasons why a juvenile gets waived up to adult charges. They can catch an armed robbery charge or even murder. If the judge feel as though you committed them malicious crimes than he has the right to try you as an adult. Now when you get waived up to adult court, you would be getting charged and sentenced like an adult which is only right. Their are three types of judicial waivers and those are discretionary, presumptive and mandatory. While working in a a juvenile court, the reports that you might encounter are drugs reports, sexual assault, robbery, arson, gang unit and believe it or not murder. The key players in a juvenile court besides the judge is the state prosecutor, public defender or lawyer and the suspect. The role for the prosecutor is to present his case against the defendant and prove that they are guilty. The public defender often works with the court so they are their to basically get you the lowest sentence possible. That’s why its best to have a lawyer so they can defend you the proper way to get a not guilty verdict
PART 3: Scenario: You are interviewing for a position as a law enforcement officer who will be expected to interact regularly with juveniles and adults. The hiring committee wants to choose a candidate who can write clearly and who demonstrates a solid understanding of standard procedures in the juvenile versus criminal justice systems.
Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper comparing the procedures that law enforcement officers and courts should follow when interacting with juveniles versus adults during the stages of intake, prosecution, adjudication, and disposition.
Choose 1 of the following videos from the University Library of a court session to use as an example scenario for this assignment:
Rodrick: Juvenile Court in Session
Morris: Juvenile Court in Session
Kenneth: Juvenile Court in Session
Kymyada: Juvenile Court in Session
Complete the following in your paper:
Summarize the case you chose and the legal issues facing the juvenile and the court.
Define the role and key parameters of the juvenile justice system.
Explain the function of juvenile vs. adult courts.
Summarize the court’s philosophy of juvenile justice used in this case.
Explain how law enforcement and the courts might have interacted differently with this person as a juvenile than if he or she had been an adult.
Summarize the rights and confidentiality protections that exist for this juvenile that are not the same for adults. Use the State Profiles from the National Juvenile Defender Center, and include at least 1 policy specific to your state that would be relevant in this case.
Describe at least 2 additional factors that officers and the court must consider for the juvenile in this case that may not work the same way for adults.
Use language and terms appropriate for each justice system when comparing juveniles versus adults.

Criminal Procedure: Adjudication

The right to representation at a criminal trial is personal, and a defendant has the right to waive the assistance of counsel and conduct a defense pro se. Do you ever believe there is an advantage to self representation and give your argument for your answer?

Hospitality law case writing question

Provide a brief summary of what you learned and how you would apply what you learned as a manager.
United States Supreme CourtCARNIVAL CRUISE LINES, INC. v. SHUTE(1991)No. 89-1647Argued: January 15, 1991Decided: April 17, 1991After the respondents Shute, a Washington State couple, purchased passage on a ship owned by petitioner, a Florida-based cruise line, petitioner sent them tickets containing a clause designating courts in Florida as the agreed-upon fora for the resolution of disputes. The Shutes boarded the ship in Los Angeles, and, while in international waters off the Mexican coast, Mrs. Shute suffered injuries when she slipped on a deck mat. The Shutes filed suit in a Washington Federal District Court, which granted summary judgment for petitioner. The Court of Appeals reversed, holding, inter alia, that the forum-selection clause should not be enforced under The Bremen v. Zapata Off-Shore Co., 407 U.S. 1 , because it was not “freely bargained for,” and because its enforcement would operate to deprive the Shutes of their day in court in light of evidence indicating that they were physically and financially incapable of pursuing the litigation in Florida.Held:The Court of Appeals erred in refusing to enforce the forum-selection clause. Pp. 590-597.(a) The Bremen Court’s statement that a freely negotiated forum-selection clause, such as the one there at issue, should be given full effect, 407 U.S. at 12-13, does not support the Court of Appeals’ determination that a non-negotiated forum clause in a passage contract is never enforceable simply because it is not the subject of bargaining. Whereas it was entirely reasonable for The Bremen Court to have expected the parties to have negotiated with care in selecting a forum for the resolution of disputes arising from their complicated international agreement, it would be entirely unreasonable to assume that a cruise passenger would or could negotiate the terms of a forum clause in a routine commercial cruise ticket form. Nevertheless, including a reasonable forum clause in such a form contract well may be permissible for several reasons. Because it is not unlikely that a mishap in a cruise could subject a cruise line to litigation in several different fora, the line has a special interest in limiting such fora. Moreover, a clause establishing ex ante the dispute resolution forum has the salutary effect of dispelling confusion as to where suits may be brought and defended, thereby sparing litigants time and expense and conserving judicial resources. Furthermore, it is likely that passengers purchasing tickets[499 U.S. 585, 586]containing a forum clause like the one here at issue benefit in the form of reduced fares reflecting the savings that thecruise line enjoys by limiting the fora in which it may be sued. Pp. 590-594.(b) The Court of Appeals’ conclusion that the clause here at issue should not be enforced because the Shutes are incapable of pursuing this litigation in Florida is not justified by The Bremen Court’s statement that “the serious inconvenience of the contractual forum to one or both of the parties might carry greater weight in determining the reasonableness of

the forum clause.” Id., at 17. That statement was made in the context of a hypothetical “agreement between two Americans to resolve their essentially local disputes in a remote alien forum.” Ibid. Here, in contrast, Florida is not such a forum, nor -given the location of Mrs. Shute’s accident -is this dispute an essentiallylocal one inherently more suited to resolution in Washington than in Florida. In light of these distinctions, and because the Shutes do not claim lack of notice of the forum clause, they have not satisfied the “heavy burden of proof,” ibid. required to set aside the clause on grounds of inconvenience. Pp. 594-595.(c) Although forum selection clauses contained in form passage contracts are subject to judicial scrutiny for fundamental fairness, there is no indication that petitioner selected Florida to discourage cruise passengers from pursuing legitimate claims or obtained the Shutes’ accession to the forum clause by fraud or overreaching. P. 595.(d) By its plain language, the forum selection clause at issue does not violate 46 U.S.C. App. 183c, which, inter alia, prohibits a vessel owner from inserting in any contract a provision depriving a claimant of a trial “by court of competent jurisdiction” for loss of life or personal injury resulting from negligence. Pp. 595-597.

Qualitative Data Collection discussion

Therefore, you are required to provide a thread in response to the provided prompt for each Discussion. Responding to a classmate’s post requires both the addition of new ideas and analysis. A particular point made by the classmate must be addressed and built upon by your analysis in order to move the conversation forward. Thus, the response post is a rigorous assignment that requires you to build upon initial posts to develop deeper and more thorough discussion of the ideas introduced in the initial posts. As such, reply posts that merely affirm, restate, or unprofessionally quarrel with the previous post(s) and fail to make a valuable, substantive contribution to the discussion will receive appropriate point deductions.

• Postpartum Depression

Article date 2016 – 2021
Postpartum Depression
Prepare an APA report on the article which must include the following:
A summary or overview of the article (what was it about).
Was it a report of a study (research) or was it some other kind of academic paper?
Who was the target audience for the article?
Was the information easy to understand? Why or why not?
List at least 3 interesting facts you learned from the article.
Could you use any information in your clinical practice? If so how?
Would you recommend this article to other students? Why or why not?
How could this article have been improved?
Did the article make you want to find out more about the subject?
Conclusion.
The article review should be a minimum of 750 – 1000 words, double-spaced. When quoting or paraphrasing the article, you must include in-text citation and attach a reference page with the article listed (APA format).The paper must be written in APA format, with a title page and reference page.Please paraphrase appropriately, with no more than 3 direct quotes (if necessary). Plagiarism is not acceptable – please run your paper through a free grammar

500 word response

However, as the authors note, this was always not the case. The United States was born from the Age of Enlightenment, and as such, the founding fathers were influenced by the works of classical criminologists, most notably Caesar Beccaria, whom Bessler (2016) asserts played a critical role in American law and justice. Rebuking the ways of the old world, the framers of our nation also embraced new concepts of criminal justice, which he states includes the use of inhumane gaols, corporal and capital punishment. In the 19th century, the flourishing humanitarian movements, inspired by numerous Christian faiths such as the Quakers, further increased the development of the American penitentiary into the system which is familiar to us today (Hallett

discussion / book critique

..
YOU CAN USE YOUR BOOK from your Book Critique (not for both Discussion Questions # 1 AND 2 though) for this question.
— Why you believe this to be your favorite theme (or not)? Yes, you can choose a couple different themes from required book you choose – as you wish.
— Explain if you believe that this book of choice is “too dark” (if at all) and dismal in it’s environmental outlook/solutions or lack of … or is it just about right on target in your new worldview and knowledge gained in this course? You can expand on this and take a different perspective; again I leave it up to your wishes, creativity and critical analysis.
— Whatever else you would like to add, feel free, and make these brief assignments interesting and enjoyable for you.
“Global Ecopolitics” by Peter Stoett, ISBN: 97814875878955.
“Solved” by David Miller, ISBN: 9781487506827
books choice.. YOU MUST HAVE ACCESS. I do not have access to those books.

Summation of Privacy Laws

The table you will be creating will
summarize the laws, who they apply to, and who is responsible for ensuring compliance in an organization. It is important that this table is filled in using your
own words, as this will help you master the material. Because the descriptions will be in your own words, you are not required to cite the sources. This exercise
introduces a small sample of laws that you will add to in subsequent course activities