Shorts question and answers

Bobby argues that he cannot be sued for slander because he did not publish any statement. He argues that his alleged slanderous comment was not published because he just made the comment to a co-worker about his boss rather than making that statement to a reporter to be published. Is Bobby’s argument correct?
Question II – During an episode of Sports Center, one of the anchors misread the teleprompter and said LeBron James was closing his school for at risk youth. In reality, LeBron James was expanding his school. This statement by the anchor was a slip of the tongue and corrected in the next episode. Would LeBron’s defamation suit against Sports Center and the anchor be successful? Why or why not?
Question III – Explain some of the hurdles litigants have encountered when it comes to the Endangered Species Act and standing to bring a lawsuit.
Question IV – A contract is made between two parties. The terms of the contract are complete and unambiguous. A dispute arises between the Parties. Party A wants to pull out of the contract without penalty. Party B argues that Party A’s proposed action is prohibited by the express terms of the contract. Party A argues that the Parties verbally agreed to ignore that provision of the contract that would impose a penalty on Party A. Which Party will prevail and why?