India as a regional power OR an emerging great power

This is an analytical research paper so no personal or descriptions. For this paper, you will write about India as a regional OR as an emerging power. Take a look at the indicators, below, as you build your argument for whether India can be considered a regional power OR an emerging great power. In the case that you’re determining India’s potential to become a great power, you may develop your own indicators (like the regional indicators below). The key is to use these indicators to analyze India’s future potential in the global international system, and to make an argument about that potential. In addition to analyzing the potential to become a regional/great power, the paper must address the risks and opportunities India as an emerging geat power creates for the U.S.?

Consider these regional power indicators to support your analysis (they are laid out in details, below): boundaries, leadership claim, delimitation, resources, regional embededness, influence in regional affairs, regional security agenda, recognition, and representation of regional interests in international forums.

Boundaries:
Which is the geographical reference region of the supposed regional power?
Indicators: official documents, press coverage, survey data etc.
What are the economic boundaries of the region?
Indicators: trade and investment flows, border crossing.
What are the political-ideational boundaries of the region?
Indicators: membership in regional organizations, official documents, press
coverage, survey data etc.

Leadership pretension/claim:
Is there an articulated and documented claim for regional leadership?
Indicators: official documents, elite survey data in the supposed regional power.
Indicators: Perception of this claim in other countries in the region and outside of
the region; official documents, elite survey data, press coverage etc.

Delimitation:
Does the putative regional power have a significant influence on the geopolitical
delimitation and the political-ideational construction of the region?
Indicators: construction of regional organizations (inclusion/exclusion; strategic
position of regional power, process of negotiations)
Indicators: official discourse of regional power, regional charters (influence of
regional power)

Resources
Does the putative regional power have sufficient economic power resources?
Indicators: GDP, GDP per capita, R/D as % GDP
Does the putative regional power have sufficient military power resources?
Indicators: relative military power (strengths of the armed forces, equipment) in
the region.
Indicators: power projection in the region (participation in international military
missions, weapon systems / projection capabilities).
Indicators: power projection outside the region (participation in international
military missions, weapon systems / projection capabilities).
Does the putative regional power have sufficient demographic power resources?
Indicators: population, working age population, projection 2020.
Does the putative regional power have sufficient ideological power resources?
Indicators: attraction in other countries (surveys, foreign students, diffusion of
culture).
Does the putative regional power have sufficient political-organizational power
resources?
Indicator: stability of political institutions, consensus in political elite.

Regional Embeddedness:
Is the putative regional power economically interconnected?
Indicators: trade statistics (participation in regional trade, bilateral trade
patterns), investment flows (participation in regional investment, bilateral
investment flows)
Is the putative regional power politically interconnected?
Indicators: size of the embassies of the states in the region in the
corresponding regional power, influence in regional political organizations
Is the putative regional power culturally interconnected?
Indicators: language training, foreign students, media, influence on cultural
trends

Influence in regional affairs:
Does the putative regional power have great influence in regional affairs?
Indicators: Positions or influence over decisions in different regional policy
areas.
Influence over regional governance structures
Does the putative regional power have great influence over regional
governance structures?
Indicators: Shape of regional organizations
Indicators: Positions and influence over decision in regional governance
structures (examples).

Regional security agenda:
Does the putative regional power have great influence over the regional
security agenda?
Indicators: Is there a regional security agenda (documents, organizations).
Indicators: Influence over regional agenda (documents, organizations).

Recognition:
Is the status as a regional power recognized, respected or denied inside and
outside of the region, especially by other regional powers?
Indicators: Recognition / denial by other regional powers (participation in
forums of regional powers, coordination with other regional powers in
international forums)
Indicators: official recognition/denial by other countries in the region
(documents, declaration)
Indicators: Relationship with the USA/EU (recognition / denial of a special
status, regional leadership)

Representation of regional interests in international forums:
Does the putative regional power represent regional interest in international
forums?
Indicators: Negotiations in international organizations (document, press
coverage)
Indicators: Agenda setting in international politics (forcing topics of regional
interest)

Additionally, here is a list of resources to use. You may also use other scholarly resources but please use at least a few of these in the paper:

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/politics/transformed-un-proposed-to-create-new-world-order-771416.html

Ikenberry, John G., Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis and Transformation of the American World Order, Chapter 1 (available online)

Stolberg, Alan G. The International System in the 21st Century, U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy & State, 2006 (available online)

Henry Kissinger “World Order”

Oliver Stuenkel, “Post-Western World: How Emerging Powers Are Remaking Global Order”

Nye, Joseph. The Future of Power. (Available online if this link doesn’t work)
file:///C:/Users/mylif/Downloads/the%20future%20of%20power%20(2).pdf

Mearsheimer, Power and Fear in Great Politics.
https://d2l.arizona.edu/d2l/le/content/1023818/viewContent/10447050/View

Scholvin, Emerging Non-OECD Countries (available online)
file:///C:/Users/mylif/Downloads/wp128_scholvin%20(1).pdf

Wagner, Emerging Powers in Regional Architecture (available online)

Vanaik, Emerging Powers: Rise of the South or Reconfiguration of the Elites? (available online if this link doesn’t work)
file:///C:/Users/mylif/Downloads/shifting_power-stateofsouth_0.pdf

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