The Questions

1. What was the primary objective (aim) of the study?

2. What percentage of children will experience symptoms of ADHD in adulthood?

3. How is the variable, “financial decision making” defined or operationalized in the study? Feel free to paraphrase based on your reading of the article.

4. Summarize the participant pool. (Number of participants, age, and other sociodemographic data provided about the participants, diagnoses)

5. What is the purpose of a control group in a study such as this?

6. How was the diagnosis of ADHD established by the researchers?

7. What self-report measures were used in the study? Can you think of any problems or challenges with using self-report measures to diagnose ADHD. Please describe.

8. Please report the mean age and standard deviation in years for the ADHD sample and the healthy controls.

9. Were both groups (ADHD and Healthy Controls) similar in terms of education, work status, and age? Why is it important to ensure homogeneity (similar/same group) in a study such as this?

10. How did the researchers obtain the personal financial situation of each participant?

11. What measures were used to assess financial decision-making in each participant?

12. Review the “Procedure and Ethics Statement.” Are you satisfied with the statement regarding the ethical conduct of the study?

13. How did the researchers interpret the effect sizes in the data analysis? Recall from statistics the purpose of calculating effect sizes in order to compare and identify differences between groups. Why do we want to use the appropriate statistical test to compare groups?

14. Compare the percentages of participants with ADHD and the healthy controls who stated that they “save actively” (This information is available in a table.) Was this a surprising result?

15. What does confidence interval mean? In the study, the researchers set a 99% confidence interval in the calculation of effect sizes.

16. What are the three “outcome classifications” of adults with ADHD? (See Table 4).

17. What did the results of the study show? Summarize the study results in your own words.

18. What recommendations, if any, are made by the researchers for future studies?

19. Every study has some limitations. Good researchers acknowledge the limitations of their studies. What were the limitations of this study?

20. How can the knowledge gained from this study help in treating adults with ADHD?

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