Discussion on Environment, Conditions and Fair Wages

1. Of course, Google is not the only company that offers good perks. Another is the software giant SAS.
Glassdoor has an article describing some interesting benefits offered by other companies
(https://openstax.org/l/53perks) in 2017. Do a quick comparison of a few of these companies.

Do the perks influence your choice? Would you be willing to work for any of them?

2. Though the federal government has not yet passed the Paycheck Fairness Act, some states have taken
action on their own. The website for the National Conference of State Legislatures’ section on state equal
pay laws (https://openstax.org/l/53PayLaws) provides a chart listing states that go beyond the current
federal law to mandate equal pay for comparable or equivalent work.

Look up your state in the chart. How does it compare with others in this regard?

3. The policies of other nations can offer some insight into how to address pay inequality. Iceland, for
example, has consistently been at the top of the world rankings for workplace gender equality in the
World Economic Forum survey. A new Icelandic law went into effect on January 1, 2018, that makes it
illegal to pay men more than women, gauged not by specific job category, but rather in all jobs
collectively at any employer with twenty-five or more employees, a concept known as an aggregate
salary data approach. The burden of proof is on employers to show that men and women are paid
equally or they face a fine. The ultimate goal is to eliminate all pay inequities in Iceland by the year 2022.
The United Kingdom has taken a first step toward addressing this issue by mandating pay transparency,
which requires employers with 250 workers or more to publish details on the gaps in average pay
between their male and female employees.

Policies not directly linked to salary can help as well. German children have a legal right to a place in
kindergarten from the age of three years, which has allowed one-third of mothers who could not
otherwise afford nursery school or kindergarten to join the workforce. In the United Kingdom, the
government offers up to thirty hours weekly of free care for three- and four-year-old children to help
mothers get back in the workforce. Laws such as these allow women, who are often the primary
caregivers in a household, to experience fewer interruptions in their careers, a factor often blamed for
the wage gap in the United States.

The World Economic Forum reports that about 65 percent of all Organization for Economic Cooperation
and Development (OECD) countries have introduced new policies on pay equality, including requiring
many employers to publish calculations every year showing the gender pay gap. Steps such as the
collection and reporting of aggregate salary data, or some form of early education or subsidized
childcare, are positive steps toward eventually achieving the goal of wage equality.

Which of these policies do you think would be the most likely to be implemented in the United
States and why?

4. How would each of the normative theories of ethical behavior (virtue ethics, utilitarianism,
deontology, and justice theory) view the issue in question 3 and these proposed solutions?

Please post with a minimum response of 450 words not including the text from the initial prompt above.

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