DESCRIBE very briefly (in about 150 words) the main characters and the relevant factual elements in the case.
DISCERN the most significant ethical issues in the case.
DETERMINE the main options available to agent(s).
DECIDE which is the (most) ethical option and create a plan to implement the option.
DEFEND the decision and the moral principles that it appeals to.
“Distributive justice, most fundamentally, is about how to distribute the social product [which] consists in material goods, social goods (e.g. health care), financial goods (e.g. money), and services (e.g. the police force).”
—Fritz Alhoff (Alhoff, Sager and Vaidya, 2017: 617)