The purpose of the applied theory paper is to give the student an opportunity to demonstrate

competence in theory analysis and application to nursing practice. Two theories will be selected

by each student for analysis – one nursing and one non-nursing theory. No two comparisons will

be similar as each student will choose two different theorists/theories to research.

Another purpose of the paper is to evaluate writing skills and give the student the opportunity to

present a coherent argument/discussion on particular theories. This paper is to include a

comparison and contrast of the two theories. Some papers may be selected for submission for

publication in a nursing journal.


  1. The student may select any creative approach to address the topics, however, Level 1

headings and subheadings must be included.

  1. The paper must be written in third person style, avoiding all use of statements with

personal pronouns such as “I” or “my”.

  1. The assignment must be typed and double-spaced, include title page, reference list,

possible appendices, using APA format. Written in a narrative format, it is to be 8-10 pages

in length. Deductions will be made if paper is over assigned length.

  1. The title of the paper must include the FULL names of both theorists in the title and

running header.

  1. The reference list is in addition to and separate from the annotated bibliography

assignment (note APA differentiates between the Reference List and the Bibliography). The

reference list must include at least five sources (not course textbooks), which may or may not be

from the annotated bibliography. Resources must be from scholarly journals or books with an

emphasis on primary or updated secondary sources. No excerpts (summaries) from the internet

are acceptable. It is expected that students will use resources other than their textbooks for this

assignment, although brief reference to content in course textbooks may be used in addition to

at least the five sources, if desired. Do not include your annotated bibliography.

  1. Submit to the online Canvas. Include completed text mechanics’ sheet.
  2. Write using professional language including correct format for introduction and

conclusion and use of headings per APA format.

  1. See specific guidelines for analysis.



In this paper you are expected to examine the assigned theories and/or models and discuss their

applicability and relevancy to nursing. For non-nursing theories, for example, you will need to

research whether or not these theories have been directly applied to nursing practice, have been

adapted by a nursing theorist, or are not directly applicable or current.

Ask yourself the following questions and include all items in your analysis. Analyze (how they

are alike and different) and compare and contrast the two theories/models as to their ability to be

used in nursing today. The answers may not be completely obvious and may require research as

to what other experts have said in their research (adapted from Fawcett, J. (1995). Analysis and

evaluation of conceptual models of nursing. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis).

  1. What is the brief history of the theory or model? (This is not to be a biography of the

theorist; rather, trace the evolution/theoretical origins of the theory/model.)

  1. What is the conceptual level of the theory/model (theory, midrange-theory, model, etc.)?
  2. What is the basic idea of the theory/model? Give a brief summary.
  3. Define or describe the nursing metaparadigm concepts of person, health, environment,

and nursing. If they are not defined, is there an implied definition or are you able to see the

author’s viewpoint? (You must not copy the definitions from the nursing theory textbook).

  1. Are the four metaparadigm concepts related in the theory/model? How?
  2. With what areas is the theory/model concerned?
  3. Is this theory/model supported by research?
  4. Does the theory generate areas for future research?
  5. Evaluate the theory for clarity, simplicity, and generalizability.
  6. Does this theory/model contribute to the body of nursing knowledge?
  7. Is the theory current and applicable to nursing? Demonstrate the ability to use each theory

by applying each theory to the same brief clinical scenario.

  1. Is the theory significant and will it make a difference (either alone or when used with

other, relevant theories) in an area of clinical nursing?

  1. How are the two theories similar and different? This compare and contrast section should

have a single heading.




My nursing theorist is

Dorothy Johnson

Non-nursing theorist is

Halpert Dunn



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