A1. In Dangerous Spirits, historian Shawn Smallman asks: “what did the windigo mean to the people who believed in it, and how did this belief change through time, especially as Indigenous peoples came into contact with outsiders and settlers from Europe? (27).” Based on your reading and our class discussions, what does Smallman say is the answer to this question and what evidence does he offer in support of his claims?
B5. The label of “monster” is often applied to persons considered dangerous or subversive. Using examples from the course lectures and/or readings, explain how monsters are a projection of societal fears and how they are used to sanction or punish people whose identity or status in society is considered threatening.
B7. Monsters can be tools of resistance, as well as a critique of oppression and power imbalances in society. Using examples from the course lectures and/or readings, explain why you agree or disagree with this statement.
B8. European expansion in the Americas led directly to the colonization of Indigenous Peoples. Using examples from the course lectures and/or readings, discuss the consequences of colonization and the ways that Indigenous Peoples resisted the European colonizers.